Although Washington had been reinforced with militia troops from Virginia and a company of regular British infantry from North Carolina, the combined French and Indian force outnumbered the defenders roughly two to one.
The tide turned for the British inas they began to make peace with important Indian allies and, under the direction of Lord William Pitt began adapting their war strategies to fit the territory and landscape of the American frontier.
Scouts had reported the weakness of the British supply chain, so he ordered an attack against the forts which Shirley had erected at the Oneida Carry. By Septemberthe British controlled all of the North American frontier; the war between the two countries was effectively over.
Another outbreak among the Sioux and Northern Cheyennes, precipitated by government corruption, shrinking reservations, and the spread of the Ghost Dance, culminated in a grisly encounter at Wounded Kneein which casualties totaled over two hundred Indians and sixty-four soldiers. The mounted warriors of the Great Plains posed an especially thorny problem for an army plagued by a chronic shortage of cavalry and a government policy that demanded Indian removal on the cheap.
The war, however, also had subtler results. This portrait was painted in by Charles Willson Peale. In the United States, the removal policy met only sporadic armed resistance as whites pushed into the Mississippi River valley during the s and s.
Whites had been particularly effective in exploiting tribal rivalries; indeed, Indian scouts and auxiliaries were often essential in defeating tribes deemed hostile by white governments.
Massachusetts governor William Shirley was particularly forceful, stating that British colonists would not be safe as long as the French were present. According to its terms, France was to cede Canada to Great Britain and to relinquish all claims to the lands lying east of the Mississippi Riveroutside the environs of New Orleans.
They hoped to profit from the trade in furs that they maintained with the Indians. In Amherst captured Louisbourg.
French fort construction This section needs additional citations for verification. The only clashes of any size were at Petitcodiac in and at Bloody Creek near Annapolis Royal inother than the campaigns to expel the Acadians ranging around the Bay of Fundyon the Petitcodiac and St.
In Virginia and the Carolinas, English-speaking colonists pushed aside the Tuscaroras, the Yamasees, and the Cherokees.
Eric Foner and John A. Meanwhile, the English and their trading partners, the Chickasaws and often the Cherokees, battled the French and associated tribes for control of the lower Mississippi River valley and the Spanish in western Florida. Indian raids, often encouraged by the British, were influential in causing the United States to declare war on Great Britain in The fortunes of the English began to shift with a change in government.
The British colonies also had great quantities of food of all sorts for provisioning armies in the field, whereas the inhabitants of French Canada faced almost famine conditions when the blockades off the coast of France and in the Gulf of St. The plan that the delegates agreed to was neither ratified by the colonial legislatures nor approved of by the crown.
By the time the Albany Congress was convened in mid-summer ofthe Iroquois were the only Native American allies left to the English.
The war was the product of an imperial struggle, a clash between the French and English over colonial territory and wealth. Edward Braddock to go to Virginia with a force and eject the French from Fort Duquesne and its environs. Joshua Fry could arrive. Abercrombie arrived in Albany but refused to take any significant actions until Loudoun approved them, and Montcalm took bold action against his inertia.The French and Indian War (–63) comprised the North American theater of the worldwide Seven Years' War of – It pitted the colonies of British America against those of New France.
Both sides were supported by military units from their parent countries, as well as by American Indian allies. Start studying History Chapter 5,6, & 7. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.
name three of the acts of Parliament after the French and Indian War that created tension between Great Britain and its colonies.
The Sugar Act, The Stamp Act, The Quartering Act Name and briefly describe each of the. The French and Indian War, a colonial extension of the Seven Years War that ravaged Europe from towas the bloodiest American war in the 18th century. It took more lives than the American Revolution, involved people on three continents, including the Caribbean.
French and Indian War, American phase of a worldwide nine years’ war (–63) fought between France and Great Britain. (The more-complex European phase was the Seven Years’ War [–63].) It determined control of the vast colonial territory of North America.
Indians were also a key factor in the imperial rivalries among France, Spain, and England. In King William’s (), Queen Anne’s (), and King George’s () wars, the French sponsored Abnaki and Mohawk raids against the more numerous English. A Web Guide to the French and Indian War, compiled by Mark F.
Hall, Digital Reference Specialist. The digital collections of the Library of Congress contain a variety of material associated with the French and Indian War (the North American part of the Seven Years' War), including manuscripts, maps, and prints.Download