The ius gentium was therefore a Roman legal codification of the widely accepted international law of the time, and was based on the highly developed commercial law of the Greek city-states and of other maritime powers.
However, Foederati states that had at one time been conquered by Rome were exempt from payment of tribute to Rome due to their treaty status. If accused of treason, a Roman citizen had the right to be tried in Rome, and even if sentenced to death, no Roman citizen could be sentenced to die on the cross.
Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. This was extended to all the Italian socii states when the war ended except for Gallia Cisalpinaeffectively eliminating socii and Latini as legal and citizenship definitions.
Growing dissatisfaction with the rights afforded to the Socii, and with the growing manpower demands Roman citizenship essay the legions due to the protracted Jugurthine War and the Cimbrian War led eventually to the Social War of 91—88 BC in which the Italian allies revolted against Roman citizenship essay.
The natives who lived in territories conquered by Rome, citizens of Roman client states and Roman allies could be given a limited form of Roman citizenship such as the Latin Right.
Even if sentenced to death, no Roman citizen could be sentenced to die at the cross Jahnige Aulus Metellusan Etruscan man wearing a Roman toga while engaged in rhetoric ; the statue features an inscription in the Etruscan alphabet Cives Romani[ edit ] The Cives Romani were full Roman citizens, who enjoyed full legal protection under Roman law.
More essays like this: The right of immunity from some taxes and other legal obligations, especially local rules and regulations. However, by the previous century Roman citizenship had already lost much of its exclusiveness and become more available.
In AD Rome gradually granted citizenship to whole provinces; the third-century Constitutio Antoniniana granted it to all free male inhabitants of the Empire.
Other legal benefits were: Provinciales[ edit ] Provinciales were those people who fell under Roman influence, or control, but who lacked even the rights of the Foederati, essentially having only the rights of the ius gentium.
Latins also had this right, and maintained their ius Latii if they relocated to a different Latin state or Latin colony Latina colonia. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.
In conclusion; Roman Citizenship was the most amazing component of life at that time as it depicted who you were, what you could do, how you would Roman citizenship essay treated, what professions you could undertake, what you could name your children and even what you could wear.
April Learn how and when to remove this template message A young woman sits while a servant fixes her hair with the help of a cupidwho holds up a mirror to offer a reflection, detail of a fresco from the Villa of the MysteriesPompeiic.
Citizenship as a tool of Romanization[ edit ] This section does not cite any sources. This was such an admirable and highly sought after position; that it would cause envy throughout the people of that time. Citizen soldiers could be beaten by the centurions and senior officers for reasons related to discipline.
Classes of citizenship[ edit ] The legal classes varied over time, however the following classes of legal status existed at various times within the Roman state: This step was one of the most effective political tools and at that point in history original political ideas perhaps one of the most important reasons for the success of Rome.
It had many benefits that outweighed the cons of the position but the cons definitely had to be taken into consideration to be wary of at all time. The right to have a lawful marriage with a Roman citizen according to Roman principles,  to have the legal rights of the paterfamilias over the family, and for the children of any such marriage to be counted as Roman citizens.
Colonies and political allies would be granted a "minor" form of Roman citizenship, there being several graduated levels of citizenship and legal rights the Latin Right was one of them.
Provincials, on the other hand, were usually non-citizens, although some held the Latin Right. Freedmen slaves, those of the Cives Romani convicted of crimes, or citizens settling Latin colonies could be given this status under the law.
Latin League and Latin Right The Latini were a class of citizens who held the Latin Rights ius Latiior the rights of ius commercii and ius migrationis, but not the ius connubii.
In exceptional cases however, an individual could be stripped of their citizenship.
The idea was not to assimilatebut to turn a defeated and potentially rebellious enemy or their sons into Roman citizens. There was a complex set of rules to be taken into account when it came to granting Roman citizenship to the people. The most appealing would have to have been the fact that citizens were safe from the death penalty unless found guilty of treason.
The non optimo iure who held the ius commercii and ius conubii rights of property and marriage The optimo iure, who also held these rights as well as the ius suffragiorum and ius honorum the additional rights to vote and to hold office.
Peregrini[ edit ] A Peregrinus plural Peregrini was originally any person who was not a full Roman citizen, that is someone who was not a member of the Cives Romani.DBQ Essay Citizenship in Athens and Rome: Which is the better system?
Citizenship in Athens and Rome The Roman Republic was more tolerant of whom they allowed to be citizens, but that's not always a good thing. Athens had a better way of election, but was random.
Both had good ideas about the judgment of citizens, but in both someone. Roman citizenship was required in order to enlist in the Roman legions, but this was sometimes ignored. Citizen soldiers could be beaten by the centurions and senior officers for reasons related to discipline.
An analysis of Roman and Greek views on citizenship. Roman Citizenship Essay Sample. The Roman Republic became one of the most powerful and ruthless Empire’s on the face of the planet and to.
The notion of Roman citizenship can best be represented in the logo - seen on documents, monuments and even the standards of the Roman legion - SPQR or Senatus Populus Que Romanus, the Senate and Roman People.
Free Essay: Citizenship is highly coveted in many nations, so coveted in fact that through only a few processes can one become a citizen for most nations.Download