In winter the coastal temperature is between to degrees C. This causes a disruption in the orderliness of the colony, fighting and exposing the eggs and chicks to increased predator attack from skuas and other natural enemies Antarctic Birds, This is higher than levels seen in the most polluted harbours of other parts of the world.
A similar pattern has been reported for PCBs, with levels as high as 1.
The Environmental Protocol provides for the discharge into the sea of sewage and food waste, but all other waste has to be removed from Antarctica, usually by ship. It prohibits the significant modification to habitats of plants and animals. The numbers of birds breeding around the rocky coastline and the offshore islands are enormous, million or more individuals including four species of penguins, several species of petrels, skua, gulls and terns.
The Code will set compulsory standards for vessels intending to operate in the high latitudes. The advent of the potential for conflict between the various scientific and cultural values and tourism has heightened the need to clearly define goals and priorities for the protection of the environment.
The historical human activities of slaughtering penguins for their oil and other birds for their feathers has ceased however the legacy of the era, feral cats and rats, remain to prey on ground nesting birds. Scarcely five per cent of this land mass is without permanent ice or snow, and only the coastal rock outcrops and highest mountain peaks project through the ice sheet.
Impact of Research Stations Although most of Antarctica is relatively pristine, high levels of pollutants have been recorded in localised areas such as in the vicinity of scientific bases like McMurdo Station reviewed in Lenihan et al.
The impact of the escape of fuel oils was greatest on the adjoining coastline where limpets, Adelie penguins and blue-eyed shags were adversely affected.
The International Union for the Conservation of Nature suggests that scientific activities may benefit from tourist visitation. Massive passenger carrying ships such as the Marco Polo have been especially constructed to facilitate journeys into Antarctica bj-doc. There are three permanent Australian stations on the coast of the Australian Antarctic Territory, Casey, Scott and Mawson, providing headquarters for the scientific exploration of Antarctica.
It is this writers opinion that in the case of mutually exclusive goals, priority should be given to the need to protect the scientific integrity of the region.
The pressure of increasing human populations on the environment has produced a general awareness of the value of the unspoilt nature of this wilderness. Today, the actual number of tourists that travel to Antarctica could be considered insignificant when compared to most other places in the world.
Many of the domestic animals were fed on imported fodder containing seeds of temperate climate plants. Free essays on Tourism posted on this site were donated by anonymous users and are provided for informational use only.
Discuss problems associated with the overexploitation of natural resources. Along with site seeing, these tours offered informative lectures about the environment. All the passengers and crew were safely rescued butlitres of fuel and 24 tons of lube oil is probably still sitting at the bottom of the ocean and which will be gradually released into the marine environment.
The warmest weather visitors can expect during the hight of summer is zero degrees C. Human Impact on Antarctica It is important to appreciate that human activities can impact on Antarctica as the result of both local and global actions.Inwith the adoption of the Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty, EIA became obligatory for most types of activities in the region south of 60 degrees South latitude, including scientific research and tourism ultimedescente.comn 2 provides a brief introduction to the ATS and a general overview of the history of.
Tourism term papers (paper ) on Environmental Impact Of Tourism On Antarctica: Introduction This essay discusses the environmental impact of tourism on Antarctica. The subheading Description will give an overview of th.
Term paper Social and Environmental Impacts of Tourism in the Lake District In the Lake District tourism is very important and has a significant impact on the local economy.
But there is concern about the Lake District and how much more development it. Human Involvement and Impact.
Tourism. The first tourists visited Antarctica in Around 10, tourists now visit the continent each Austral summer (December-February), most by ship. The potential of tourism to impact on the marine environment is even greater than the potential impact on the land. The sinking of the MV Explorer near the South Shetland Islands in November highlighted the potentially disastrous human and environmental impacts of Antarctic tour operations.
This essay discusses the environmental impact of tourism on Antarctica. The subheading Description will give an overview of the continent, highlight the unique landscape, weather patterns and research stations making up some of the tourist attractions of this continent.
The subheading Tourism in.Download